Eczema is a skin disease that makes your skin red and become irritated. Eczema can last for a most of a person’s life. The person’s skin may start to fall off. The person may get a rash, and skin may ooze fluids (liquid will come out from the area). If a person has eczema, the person’s skin might itch and turn a lighter color in the area. Eczema is common on the backs of knees. It is also most common during the winter.

There are three different kinds of eczema: atopic, contact dermatitis, and neurodermatitis. No kind of Eczema is contagious. If a person’s relatives have Eczema, that person is more likely to have it, too. Some foods or medicines can start eczema. There are medicines that can help eczema hurt less. Eczema can be treated with lotions and ointments.[1][2] Bathing with hot water will make Eczema rashes worse.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms may range from redness, swelling, itching, crusting, cracks to the bleeding of the skin. Eczema is non-contagious is particularly common among housewives and young children.

What area the Causes?

Though the exact cause of eczema is unknown, it is linked to an overactive response in the body’s immune system to certain triggers. People with a history of other allergies or asthma are more prone to develop eczema.

How it can be prevented?

While eczema itself cannot be prevented, outbreaks can usually be avoided or the severity lessoned by practicing simple guidelines. Patients are advised to abide by the following:

  • Moisturize skin frequently and avoid harsh soaps or detergents.
  • Avoid contact with water for longer period
  • Avoid environmental triggers such as dust.